Right of way
Slow down ships to protect right whales
In recent years, North Atlantic right whales have been seen in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in pursuit of their food source, which has been moving further north due to climate change. Right whales enter the Gulf through the Cabot Strait, an area with busy shipping traffic, located between Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.
It is almost impossible for a fast-moving ship to avoid colliding with slow-moving right whales. A ship strike can result in painful cuts from propellers or death, further devastating this critically endangered population. Researchers have found that pregnant females and mothers with calves may be more susceptible to ship strikes, as they spend more time resting and nursing at the surface.
Transport Canada identified the Cabot Strait as an important area for right whales and in early 2020 announced a trial voluntary slowdown in the area to 10 knots for ships longer than 13 metres.
Oceana Canada’s investigation revealed that between April 28 to June 15, 2020, the vast majority of ships – 67 per cent – were not complying with the slowdown. These results clearly show that mandatory speed limits are needed in order to slow ships down to protect right whales. The highest observed speed was 22.1 knots. At this speed, right whales have little chance of surviving a collision.
This data is highlighted in a new report, Dangerous Passage. Read the report >>
Oceana Canada shared weekly reports about the exceptionally high number of ships travelling above 10 knots in the Cabot Strait with Transport Canada.
As a result of these findings, and the recent death of one right whale calf, with another presumed dead due to ship strikes, we must act now and make this slowdown mandatory. Research has shown that mandatory season-long speed limits of 10 knots in certain areas reduced lethal ship collision risk levels by 86 per cent. To protect North Atlantic right whales, ships must travel slower through their habitat. The survival of the species depends on it.
SHIP SPEED WATCH
Oceana’s Ship Speed Watch allows users to monitor ship speeds in voluntary and mandatory speed restricted zones that were established to protect marine mammals like North Atlantic right whales along the East Coast of Canada and the United States in near-real time. When mandatory and enforced, speed restriction zones can help prevent collisions with ships, one of two leading causes of North Atlantic right whale injury and death. Ship Speed Watch was created using Automatic Identification System (AIS) data from Global Fishing Watch, an independent non-profit founded by Oceana in partnership with Google and SkyTruth, which uses cutting-edge technology to interpret data from various ship tracking resources. AIS was initially designed as a safety mechanism for ships to avoid collisions at sea. Using ship identifying information reported by operators, AIS can be used to monitor and track ship movements over time since it transmits a ship’s identity, speed, and GPS location.
Please be patient as the Ship Speed Watch tool loads. Once the map appears, it will be positioned off the coast of the U.S. To view Canadian waters and the Cabot Strait, pull the map down. The map can be viewed best on a larger screen. If on a mobile device, ensure your screen is horizontal. If you have questions about this tool, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
To read the methodology of how this map was developed, click here.
*Ship Speed Watch uses vessel information in the Global Fishing Watch database. This information is transmitted from a vessel’s Automatic Identification System (AIS) device, which is collected via satellites and terrestrial receivers. Faulty AIS devices, user error, intentional manipulation, crowded areas, poor satellite reception, and transmission flaws are factors that contribute to noise and errors in AIS data, and sometimes those inaccuracies can be reflected in the speed and location of a vessel. Vessel operators can accidentally or purposefully enter false information into their ship’s AIS thus concealing their identity or location. In crowded areas, such as ports, the massive number of radio transmissions can crowd the bandwidth of satellite and terrestrial receivers, leading to inaccuracies as well. For these reasons, Ship Speed Watch information must be relied upon solely at your own risk.